Ethanol, Fertilizer & Higher Natural Gas Prices

What does rising corn and different crops have something to do with pure gasoline? It takes about 33,000 cubic ft of pure gasoline to provide one ton of nitrogen fertilizer. About 96 p.c of the corn planted in the US will depend on fertilizers, resembling Anhydrous Ammonia (NH3), 28pct-Liquid Nitrogen, Urea and Ammonium Sulfate. Fertilizers eat greater than three p.c of complete U.S. pure gasoline use. The ethanol increase may dramatically impression pure gasoline costs.

Some 90 p.c of the price of manufacturing nitrogen fertilizer relies upon upon the value of pure gasoline. The extra fertilizer produced, the extra pure gasoline is utilized and the upper each finally value. And based on extensively adopted pure gasoline commentator Phil Flynn of Chicago-based Alaron Buying and selling, “Ethanol vegetation are going to require pure gasoline consumption to provide electrical energy.” Flynn hadn’t but performed a research into how a lot pure gasoline consumption can be required for these vegetation, however mentioned in a phone interview that he could possibly be pursuing this.

We requested Flynn if the ethanol mania would have any impression on pure gasoline costs. “Completely,” he responded, citing that elevated corn planting would require pure gasoline for the nitrogen-based fertilizers and to energy the 116 current ethanol vegetation. One other 78 vegetation at the moment are being constructed. Flynn identified pure gasoline costs would profit from the ‘back and front finish’ of the ethanol increase.

Practically 95 p.c of U.S. ethanol distilleries use pure gasoline boilers. Citigroup analyst Gil Yang estimated 28 billion cubic ft of pure gasoline can be consumed for each one billion gallons of ethanol produced. Cumulative ethanol manufacturing may surpass 12 billion gallons. Some analysts are predicted a pure gasoline demand enhance as much as one p.c from the ethanol increase. However their estimates don’t embody elevated fertilizer demand to extend corn yields.

Report Corn Planting and Pure Fuel

Corn acreage is without doubt one of the largest shoppers of nitrogen-based fertilizer. And due to the current ethanol subsidies, extra corn might be planted this 12 months than up to now six many years. In accordance with the U.S. Division of Agriculture, corn growers intend to plant 90.5 million acres in 2007. As a result of forecasts of ethanol manufacturing are anticipated to extend, anticipate extra corn to be grown. In 2008, about 25 p.c of U.S. corn manufacturing is deliberate to provide ethanol. By 2012, four.three billion bushels of corn are anticipated for ethanol manufacturing. It takes about 450 kilos of corn to provide 25 gallons of ethanol gasoline to energy an SUV.

The current ethanol increase has turn into a blessing for fertilizer corporations and their share costs. Since this previous summer time, shares in Saskatchewan-based Potash Corp have greater than doubled to a report $191.46/share. The corporate is the world’s largest potash producer and a big producer of nitrogen fertilizers. Shares in Illinois-based CF Industries have almost tripled in the identical interval. The corporate manufactures each nitrogen and phosphate fertilizers. Each have benefited from comparatively decrease pure gasoline costs within the face of robust demand for his or her merchandise.

In 2004, about 12 million tons of nitrogen vitamins had been consumed. However the elevated corn planting has begun inflicting shortages in nitrogen fertilizers, based on Potash chief govt William Doyle. He instructed Bloomberg Information final week that some farmers usually are not receiving enough fertilizer provides as a result of transportation services are almost overloaded with shipments. This might impression Fertilizing company near me in mid summer time if provides proceed to stay tight.

Corn planting takes place now by way of Could within the Midwestern U.S. Some farmers pre-plant their nitrogen in March and April and skip the ‘facet dressing’ in the summertime. Fertilizing is mostly carried out for 2 to a few weeks at corn planting time. Aspect dressing is completed over one other two to a few week interval in July. “Knee excessive by the Fourth of July,” describes when the second fertilization is completed. This refers back to the peak of the corn and represents the final fertilizer software for the rising season. Aspect dressing is claimed to provide vegetation a lift and supply a straightforward, easy and higher harvest.

We talked with an Ohio farmer who instructed us, “Regardless that we farmers are complaining in regards to the further value of fertilizer, we can’t afford to not apply enough quantities for corn manufacturing.” He defined, “If 28-percent Nitrogen prices me $100/ton extra, and I exploit one-third ton per acre, that’s an extra value of $33/acre. With a yield of 150 bushels/acre, the associated fee is $zero.22 extra per bushel. But when corn costs are $1.50/bushel greater, then I am unable to afford to under-apply the nitrogen.” There’s a higher return in greater corn-producing states, resembling Iowa and Illinois, the place yields are 200 bushels per acre.

The western Ohio farmer additionally in contrast his fertilizer prices for this season in comparison with earlier plantings. “In 2000, my value for NH3 was $242/ton,” he mentioned. This 12 months’s value has almost doubled to $580/ton. For the 2001 planting season, he paid $165/ton for 28-percent liquid nitrogen. His prices would have been about $280/ton for this season, however he pre-paid for this fertilizer in December, paying about the identical he would have paid in 2004. For each one greenback enhance or lower in pure gasoline costs, fertilizer costs can swing up or down by 95 cents.

For this farmer’s fertilizer purposes, he prefers 28-percent liquid nitrogen for every of dealing with and software. Whereas anhydrous ammonia (NH3) will also be used, and is cheaper per unit of nitrogen, he finds it’s much less protected to be used. NH3 can be a favourite among the many unlawful methamphetamine-manufacturers, which siphon off the ammonia from farmer’s nursing tanks. Urea is unstable and used primarily for wheat, however it additionally utilized by western Corn Belt farmers.

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